European Contributions to American City and Regional Planning: A Snapshot of the Flow of Concepts and Ideas Across the Atlantic

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John Mullin
Zenia Kotval


It has long been noted that America has adopted and adapted many of its city planning principles based on the experiences of European nations. This paper identifies and concisely explains ten of the most significant European planning elements that have influenced American planning since Puritan times (1630-1680) to the present. These examples were selected as a result of our scholarly research, field work and consulting experiences both in Europe and the United States. The intent of the paper is to contribute to the dialogue on the transference of planning visions, concepts and approaches from European nations to the New World.

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